The concept of plastic ceilings includes specific types of ceiling coatings - Armstrong, Grilyato and others. For them, specially designed installation scheme, suspension structures, assembled from the simplest bearing elements, plastic panels of various sizes and colors. There is a huge variety of instructions explaining the correctness and sequence of assembly of such ceilings.
Plastic after installation does not require any additional processing of the front surface. With even very strong soot and soot pollution from gas stoves in kitchens, plastic easily restores its original decorative qualities and color range. This is ensured by simple washing with plain water with soapy water.
Plastic as a finishing material for ceilings
PVC plastic is hygienic, under normal conditions it does not emit any chemical fumes harmful to humans, and is resistant to biological contamination in the form of rot, mold and fungal damage. Its destruction begins to occur at a temperature not lower than 120 degrees Celsius.
Use of plastic to finish the ceilings
Until recently, square or rectangular panels with deep relief of polystyrene based on expanded polystyrene (this is often used for packaging household appliances) were used to refine ceiling coatings.
The porous surface of these panels had low resistance to contamination in the form of dust, cobwebs, grease and soot, absorbed well and gave off such unpleasant odors as tobacco smoke to the surrounding space. Washing this lining did not give any effect, and the front surface was covered with non-removable dirty divorces. The only way to deal with these troubles was to completely replace the ceiling.
Therefore, rectangular PVC plastic panels with dimensions of 0.25 x 3 m and a thickness of 7.5 ... 8.0 mm were most commonly used for ceiling systems. These panels, produced by the extrusion method, consist of two flat plates interconnected by longitudinal ribs, the distance between which does not exceed 1 cm.The longitudinal sides of the panels are equipped with locks in the form of grooves and studs. They also have a special protruding valve for attaching to the surface to be veneered. When installed, they create a force that attracts adjacent panels, and as a result, the seams between them become invisible.
Especially well seams are masked on panels with a glossy working surface, as well as with periodic patterns or ornaments applied on them. Even more invisible the seams between the panels will become when they are installed perpendicular to the wall in which the window openings are located.
The location of the seams along the gaze, looking at the ceiling, visually makes the room longer, and across - wider.
In some cases, the seams are specially made visible, and they serve as one of the elements of the specially designed decor. PVC plastic panels with visible seams are called - lining.
Using rectangular panels resembling wood
Sometimes continuous plastic sheets up to 5 mm thick are used for plastic cladding with a variety of colors or prints. These sheets, resembling very hard linoleum, can have a rectangular or square shape.The seams between such sheets are usually closed with decorative PVC or polystyrene overlays glued over the wooden elements of the truss beams or trusses of the roofing system.
Ceiling PVC panels in contrast to the wall have a smaller thickness, weight and durability.
The price of ceiling panels can be significantly lower than the wall. Very rarely plastic PVC panels are installed with glue. To select this method, you need a smoothly leveled, cleared of chalk and other colors of the substrate. Adhesive mastic should provide reliable adhesion between the glued planes.When the ceiling is made of wood, plastic panels can be installed directly on it without the use of frames and guide rails using nails, screws or staples of a construction stapler. The horizontal level of such a coating is provided by wooden or cardboard wedges and linings.
In the living room with high ceilings
Plastic panels can be combined in color, pattern, combined with other types of ceiling decoration - plasterboard, decorative plaster, stretch fabric. PVC plastic can be used in the most daring vintage design projects in the design of residential and business premises. Increasingly, multilevel ceiling systems of a stepped design with elements of a straight or complex curvilinear shape with a luminaire device of the original form are being used.
Plastic panels well hide defective places and irregularities of wooden and concrete floors, various engineering communications. This may be the loss and detachment of the old plaster coating, ledges between the lower surfaces of adjacent reinforced concrete slabs.Engineering communications may consist of pipes for hot and cold water supply, heating and sewage. Even above the plastic panels can be mounted wired layout of electricity, telephone, Internet, antenna television cables.
Access to maintenance repairs is not difficult.
To do this, most often you may need to dismantle one or more plastic panels, the subsequent return to the place of which is quite simple.
Well hide defective places
Illumination of rooms with plastic panel ceilings can be made with the help of built-in spotlights or by other methods agreed with the customer or the owner of the room. Sometimes, with a suitable height of the room, equipment for ventilation and air cooling is installed above the plastic level.The price of cladding ceilings with plastic panels is comparable to the price of plasterboard plasterboard. At the same time, the plastic does not require after installation of putty, grinding, pasting with wallpaper or painting. Return to the menu
Facing is done in different ways:
- direct fixing of the panels on the ceiling;
- the use of intermediate guide rails, pre-exposed, aligned to the level and connected to the overlap;
- pre-assembling frames made of wooden or metal parts and leveling them horizontally using the floor level is the best way to fit any ceiling.
Facing is done in different ways.
Wooden frames are made from slats with dimensions of 50 x 20 mm. They are interconnected by corners, bent of tin, or wooden short stack with screws. Metal frames are the easiest to collect from galvanized bent sheet metal profiles used for plasterboard.
The flat construction of the frame is preliminarily assembled with alignment on the floor, then, after hanging, it is fixed in a horizontal plane using a water or bubble construction level. The frame is attached to the ceiling with nails or self-tapping screws.BoardWhen hanging and leveling it is better to use tin galvanized perforated strips, bent in the desired configuration.
To the frame panels are attached in a standard way.Additional attention should be paid to the design of transverse joints between the panels, right and reverse corners at the junction points of the walls, doorways, and window openings. For this, items called moldings are produced.
In the style of minimalism
For the manufacture of framework racks, it is necessary to take well-dried softwood - pine, larch. This will make it possible to avoid warping, distortions of the ceiling surface during its operation. Before installing the wooden frame, its elements must be protected with antiseptics from rotting and fire retardants against fire. There are special impregnations of deep penetration, combining these two most important for wood protection.The voids formed between the panels, the overlap and the frame elements are sometimes filled with mineral wool mats or foam sheets. This increases the sound impermeability and heat-shielding properties of the premises.
Practical ceiling materialreturn to menu ↑
The device of plastic ceilings with his own hands under the force of the performer who does not have any experience in the performance of such works. Independent plastic cladding of floors of any type does not require a specially purchased tool. Screwdrivers, drills, handsaws, hammers, levels and plumb lines are always at hand with any home craftsman. All materials traditionally used for this purpose are easily processed and adjusted to the desired dimensions.
- To install plastic, it is enough to familiarize yourself with the technology of work, study the recommended procedure for operations.
- Next, you need to prepare materials and bring your tool in working condition.
- In order to minimize overspending, to limit the residues in the form of scraps, perform a preliminary calculation of the required amount of materials. This is done using concepts from the school geometry course. These include - width, length, height, methods for measuring the areas of flat figures, their addition and subtraction, the Pythagorean theorem of sines (cosines).
- Further from the executor of works on facing and finishing of ceilings with plastic, only exact calculation and accuracy will be required.
Can be installed by handBoardDo not forget about the use of protective equipment - glasses, respirators, clothing. To protect the head from falling objects from above, you will need a standard construction helmet. And in general, when finishing the ceiling with plastic, it is impossible not to take into account safety requirements and fire prevention measures.
Reliable step ladders and scaffolding must be claimed. At the time of work, it is recommended to invite an assistant who, in addition to rendering services in auxiliary works, will be able to provide first aid, if necessary, during accidental mechanical injuries or electric shock.return to menu ↑
Application and operation
Plastic ceiling coverings can be used in residential and public areas. Since the purpose of such rooms are usually different, plastic ceilings in them may have their own characteristics. Let's look at these features in more detail. The aesthetic qualities of ceilings can be maintained in good condition for decades, it all depends on their care and regular maintenance.
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Can be used in residential and public areas.return to menu ↑
Plastic ceiling in the kitchen
The kitchen ceiling looks best from panels with a glossy surface. It is most easily cleaned from greasy soot from a gas oven, unlike panels with deep embossing or relief. The color or its design can be chosen to match the used ceramic tile, wallpaper or kitchen furniture.BoardIt is recommended to wash the plastic ceiling at least once a month. As a surfactant, you can use an aqueous solution of soap, laundry detergent or any of the means for washing dishes.
It is possible to restore shine by wiping the surface with a weak (1 ... 3%) solution of ammonia or ammonia. The process of cleaning from dirt can be organized with the help of an ordinary mop with a rag or using a washing vacuum cleaner.
Kitchen ceiling optionreturn to menu ↑
In the bathroom
The use of plastic in the installation of the ceiling in the bathroom is one of the most progressive ways of finishing. The bathroom is designed to receive water treatments, and, therefore, is characterized by high humidity. PVC plastic panels themselves are very resistant to water spray or high humidity.
The elements of wooden frames should be additionally protected with waterproof paints based on polymer resins - acrylic, epoxy, polyurethane.
Metal frames are best used with galvanized sheet parts. For better protection against corrosion, you can use a coating based on red lead or chromium oxide, diluted in natural drying oil. Good results are obtained with bitumen or coal lacquer coating. It is better to isolate the gaps, gaps in the places of junction to the walls and engineering communications with polyurethane mounting foam or silicone mastic.
In the interior of the bathroom
Installation, connection, insulation of electric lighting devices must be performed by an electrician who has certification. All switches, sockets are better to take out of the premises of the wine room. These actions will avoid electric shock during operation.return to menu ↑
In the corridor
Ceilings in the corridors, as well as hallways, are also often trimmed with plastic panels. Instead of a single luminaire in the form of a chandelier, sconce or ceiling, several built-in spotlights are used. The device of the console of individual connection will allow to allocate separate zones or spaces indoors.If built-in wardrobes or mezzanines are located in the walk-through rooms, it is also very convenient to finish their inner surfaces with hygienic PVC panels.
Idea for the hallwayreturn to menu ↑
In the toilet room
Nothing better than plastic was designed for finishing the ceilings of insulated toilet rooms. PVC panels do not absorb and do not retain for a long time no odors, unlike plaster, drywall, fabric. Plastic well hides a variety of ceiling piping engineering and other communications, as well as systems of normal operation of the building.
In houses built 30 ... 50-ies of the last century, you can still find toilets with vertical drain. In this case, the discharge pipe comes out of the ceiling of the toilet room of the lower floor and smashes into a sewer riser at a right angle. Alteration of this design requires the replacement of toilet bowls, sewers and reinforcement of interfloor ceilings. If this is not possible, such a construction can be hidden behind a suspended plastic ceiling.
On the glazed balconies and loggias
Plastic is widely used for interior decoration of glazed balconies and loggias. This gives such rooms a finished look, hiding defects in brick or panel walls, as well as load-bearing balcony plates.return to menu ↑
In the bedrooms
The construction of plastic ceilings in the bedrooms can be done in various ways. If the height of the room allows, it can be Armstrong or Grilyato type ceilings. They use a grid of standard profiles with shelves, creating a suspension system with cells of the desired size.Plastic panels are installed inside the cells, which can be made of very lightweight polymeric materials reinforced with special fibers. The panels can be of various colors or patterns, in the form of pyramids or trapezoids, visually increasing the space and volume of the room.
It looks interesting ceiling coverings of mirror plastic sheets.
Ceiling in the bedrooms can be done in a variety of ways.
Ceilings in bedrooms with a height of 2.20 ... 2.50 m can be made of ordinary three-meter plastic panels on wooden or metal frames. As design solutions, you can alternate the order of colors and patterns of adjacent panels. They can be set, both in tone to the pattern of the neighboring sheets, and in the opposite-contrast version.BoardWhen experimenting with color and panel patterns, their sharp combinations should be avoided, causing overexcitement and insomnia. This particularly applies to bedrooms and children's rooms. It is better to use soothing, so-called pastel colors, allowing you to cause a strong relaxing sleep.
Like other finishing building materials, plastic, including in the form of PVC panels, for ceilings has its own advantages and negative qualities.